Coronavirus: Data needed quicker to target local outbreaks, say doctors

The government must provide vital data more quickly to local authorities to help them deal with Covid-19 spikes in their areas, doctors say.

The comments from the British Medical Association follow criticism about the length of time it took to get testing data to officials in Leicester.

The city is the first to experience a local lockdown, after a rise in coronavirus cases.

The government insisted it had been working closely with local partners.

However, the BMA, the union representing doctors in the UK, said ministers needed to be more open and transparent with Covid-19 data and about how regional spikes in infections will be managed in the future.

The BMA says its members have expressed concerns about the prospect of a second wave of the virus, "heightened by local flare-ups".

BMA council chair Dr Chaand Nagpaul said providing local leaders with up-to-date information was "vital" in containing outbreaks, particularly as a contact-tracing app is not yet in place.

"The prime minister has talked about a 'whack a mole' strategy to tackle local outbreaks, but this is no use if the people leading the response on the ground – be they public health teams or local leaders – are not given the most accurate up-to-date data possible," he said.

Leicester's seven-day infection rate was 135 cases per 100,000 people – three times that of the next highest city – but it took 11 days for the decision to extend the lockdown to be made, the city's mayor Sir Peter Soulsby said.

The lockdown is set to ease further in England on Saturday, including the reopening of bars, restaurants and hair salons, but the BMA said it wanted the government to set metric "trigger points" for when action will be taken to reintroduce local and national restrictions.

The BMA said this metric should consider not only the regional reproductive number or R rate – the number of people that one infected person, on average, will pass the virus on to – but also the proportion of the population currently infected.

It also called on the government to:

  • share "timely, comprehensive and reliable information" to all those involved in the management of new cases at a local level
  • give "clear, consistent guidance" to the public that strict social distancing and infection control measures must continue to be adhered to, including the use of face coverings in public places where social distancing is not possible
  • guarantee adequate supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE) to areas impacted by localised spikes in infection rates, and give local health providers the power to decide how or when to reprioritise care in the event of a new wave

A government spokesperson said it had been working closely with local partners, providing the resources and tools needed to take swift action to deal with any new local spikes in infection.

It remains one of the most baffling aspects of the current approach.

Local authorities have not routinely been given information about their residents who test positive.

Even though they are intrinsically involved in the system as the local arm of the contact tracing service, councils have only been getting what the national system deems appropriate.

They have been asked to chase up the so-called complex cases – where people test positive in care homes, prisons or schools – so they get that information quickly.

But they have not been given real-time information about individual residents who test positive.

Local directors of public health say it has hampered their ability to look for patterns and clusters developing. In theory, the national system should do this, but why not have a second pair of eyes? Especially one that knows the local situation much better?

This is beginning to change – data sharing agreements have just been signed with local authorities and Public Health England has now set up a system that should do this in a comprehensive and speedy manner from now on.

But the fact it has not already and the experience of those on the ground in Leicester – where cases were going up for a number of weeks – suggests local outbreaks developing in the community may not yet have been spotted as quickly as they should.

Business Secretary Alok Sharma told BBC Breakfast "you can always improve on these things" when asked if the Leicester response had been too slow, but said local authorities had access to digital dashboards with local data.

He said: "The other aspect of this is the test and trace system, and that has been up and running since 17 June. 113,000 people have been contacted who have come into close contact with someone who is infected, so the system is working and I think it is precisely because it is working that we are able to do local lockdowns."

Labour MP Yvette Cooper tweeted that health authorities in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, where her constituency of Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford is, had been trying to get hold of local data on swab test results of the wider population but had not been able to.

She said: "In [a] public health crisis, [the] most important thing is knowing where infection is. Appalling and incomprehensible that basic info hasn't been provided."

Scientists such as Dr Bharat Pankhania, a senior clinical lecturer at the University of Exeter, have warned there will be local outbreaks in other areas of the country in the coming months.

He told the BBC such outbreaks were "inevitable" and testing and contact tracing should be led by local experts.

Under the local lockdown, announced on Monday evening, non-essential shops in Leicester have been forced to shut and schools have closed, except for vulnerable pupils and children of "critical workers". People are also being advised not to travel in or out of the city.

The measures will last until at leaRead More – Source