December 15, 2019
Politics

Space Command Chief Outlines Advances as Space War-Fighting Threats Mount

Gen. John Raymond, leader of the U.S. Space Command—a precursor to the yet-to-be-established Space Force—outlined on Nov. 18 the agencys “significant” advances, including the developing of “space warfighters,” and said he was eager for Congress to pass the 2020 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) to work on the sixth military branch of the armed forces.

The four-star general, nominated by President Donald Trump, described an 11-word motto of sorts driving the advances made so far within the command: “Space is a warfighting domain, just like air, land, and sea.” He made his remarks at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington-based think tank.

A growing number of U.S. officials and government commissions have warned about the growing threat from countries such as China and Russia that have been advancing military and warfighting objectives in space, including developing new anti-satellite weapons. Experts told The Epoch Times that these threats to the United States national security, coupled with the potential loss of U.S. space-dominance, is why a U.S. warfighting space force is necessary.

“Given that the U.S. depends on space for its critical infrastructure … it poses grave national security risks if a country threatens those assets,” Namrata Goswami, an independent analyst and author specializing in space policy, told The Epoch Times. Goswami says that establishing a dedicated space force is in the interest of the United States.

Raymond dedicated much of his opening remarks to giving a broad overview of his plans for growing and developing the command in the coming years. He said they started from a team of 10 people a year ago and have grown to a team of about 400. Over the next couple of months, he said the number will increase to 500.

“Im really eager for Congress to pass this NDAA, so we can have a Space Force,” said Raymond, who also serves as the commander of the Air Force Space Command. “The U.S. is looking to elevate space, to have an entity thats singularly focused on the space domain.”

Goals for the command include expanding key allied and commercial partnerships as well as developing space warfighters, which Raymond called a “two-part problem.” He said the command is already doing day-to-day space operations.

“Thats growing space operators that understand joint warfighting, and its building what you and I might consider more traditional joint warfighters that have a better understanding of space,” he said.

Raymond said the “highest priority” for the command is developing operational plans exclusively for the space domain, for which it has started building the campaign plan that should be completed early in 2020. The command will then build a planning team to begin work on developing a complete proposal for conducting joint military operations.

The military committee at NATO has been briefed by Raymond as well, he said, adding that he had been attempting to create a more formal relationship with the alliance.

“NATO is about to declare space as an operational domain. And I think thats going to be very important, that we have that linkage.” He said the command has published its first integrated priority list, so its beginning to have more “influence” on the budget.

The budget for space national security is complicated, and scattered among a number of different agencies, according to the U.S. Government Accountability Office. A report from the office stated, “It involves a large number of stakeholders, and there is no single individual, office, or entity in place that provides oversight for the overall space program acquisition structure.”

“Were building a fighting force to respond to the competitive, congested, and contested strategic environment that we face today,” Raymond said in his remarks, without naming any country specifically.

“Im convinced that in the future if we were to get into a conflict with a peer or near-peer competitor, were going to have to fight for space superiority.”

In August, Trump officially opened the U.S. Space Command to strengthen the militarys focus on space operations. That includes launching satellites, providing communications, intelligence, missile warnings, and navigation services, as well as counterspace operations. The president first directed the Department of Defense and the Pentagon to begin the process of creating the space force in 2018.

Vice President Mike Pence, who also serves as chairman of the National Space Council, said in October that “Trump has directed our administration to work with bipartisan leadership in Congress. Soon we will stand up the sixth branch of our armed forces: the United States Space Force.”

The chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee told The Hill recently that House Democrats have attempted to use Trumps Space Force as leverage in negotiations over the border wall in the annual defense policy bill. “Space Force is the thing that they think the president wants the most, therefore, they can say, use that as leverage,” Senate Armed Services Committee Chairman James Inhofe (R-Okla.) said. “But it hasnt worked.”

The command is tied with the U.S. National defense strategy and the priorities for that, which include rebuilding readiness, strengthening alliances and new partners, and reforming the department. Rebuilding the intelligence function is one of the key things the command is doing early on, Raymond said, as well as building integrated planning elements to embed with the other combatant commands. The general said the goal of the command “is to deter any conflict from beginning or extending into space.”

China and National Security

Acting Director of National Intelligence Joseph Maguire testified at the sixth meeting of the National Space Council this year that U.S. military, commercial, and scientific interests in space are “increasingly threatened as China and Russia developed and field destructive weapons, placing U.S. and allied space systems at risk.”

“China has deployed a ground-based missile intended to target and destroy satellites in low-earth orbit,” Maguire said. “China is pursuing weapons capable of destroying satellites up to geosynchronous Earth orbit.”

Maguire said China and Russia have already established their own dedicated space forces.

“Both countries view the capability to attack space systems and services as part of their broadened efforts to deter or defeat an adversary in combat,” he said. “In short, the threat to U.S. and allied space systems continues to grow unabated.”

Chinas communist regime has dedicated a significant number of economic and political resources to growing “all aspects of its space program, from improving military space applications to developing human spaceflight and lunar exploration programs,” according to a 2019 report titled “Challenges to Security in Space” by the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency.

Beijings Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) views space superiority as “the ability to control the information sphere and denying adversaries the same as key components of conducting modern informatized wars,” the report stated. Since 1991, the PLA has increased its efforts to “modernize weapon systems and update doctrine to place the focus on using and countering adversary information-enabled warfare.”

In 2015, as part of military reforms, China created the Strategic Support Force (SSF) to “integrate cyberspace, space, and EW [electronic warfare] capabilities into joint military operations.” The SSF is the heart of Chinas information warfare force that supports the entire PLA, which reports directly to Chinas Central Military Commission, the defense report stated.

There has never been a military service focused solely on space activities, so a new force would ensure the domain is a priority, “while also creating a culture where recruitment, promotions, and education are centered on space,” Goswami said. She described the space activities of China and Russia as a “concern.”

Todd Harrison, director of the Aerospace Security Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, wrote in a commentary that a core problem is that current U.S. services have “inherent conflicts of interest when it comes to space,” since the services are predominantly organized around their primary domain of responsibility while space is viewed more as a secondary or supporting function.

Goswami said the need for a service to enforce peace in space is essential, citing the domain of space changing from a simple support function for other services to becoming an independent domain where nations are envisaging mining of the moon and establishing a permanent presence there.

“China is constituting capabilities that create the future map to turn itself into the lead space power by 2045,” she saRead More – Source

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